Gino Severini

Gino Severini was born on 7 April 1883 in Cortona, Italy

Around 1900 Severini became close friends with Umberto Boccioni. Boccioni introduced Severini to Giacomo Balla and it was Balla's teaching, especially concerning the study of Italian Divisionism, that had the profoundest affect on his early art.

In November 1906 Severini moved to Paris and was soon assimilated into the Parisian avant garde. When the futurists visited Paris, Boccioni introduced Severini to Marinetti. Although Severini was separated from the main Futurist events, he signed all the important Futurist manifestos. 

His many paintings of this period, especially those of the dancers he painted, show an individualism influenced partly by the geometric rhythyms of Cubism and his colourful palette, produced a light, refreshing and personal approach to Futurism. For example, Dynamism of a Dancer (all 1912).

Towards the end of 1912 and into 1913 Severini's paintings began moving ever closer to abstraction while still retaining a strong perception of colour combined with plastic rhythms seen, for example, in The Bear Dance (1913) and Spherical Expansion of Light (Centrifugal) (1914). 

During 1915 Severini carried out a series of war paintings influenced by the hospital trains he saw arriving in Paris from the front line as in The Hospital Train (1915).
After the war Severini turned away from Futurism to concentrate on a personal style of Cubist work, later turning to a modern Neo-classicism which he codified in his book From Cubism to Classicism (1921). 
Severini died on 26 February 1966 in Paris.

Select Works by Gino Severini